User permissions and two factor authentication are an essential component of a solid security infrastructure. The ability to control the user's permissions is an essential tool to minimize the risk of malicious or accidental insiders, minimizing the impact of security breaches and ensuring the compliance of regulatory authorities.

1. Reduce the threat of insider threats

The principle of least privilege is a typical way to limit user access. This states that users should be granted only the rights they require to perform their duties. This reduces the potential consequences of unauthorized actions that could be caused by employees or third-party vendors.

2. Reduce the risk of a Data Breach

Many industries are subject to strict regulations that require strong data protection practices. Managing user permissions allows organizations to ensure compliance by ensuring that only authorized users have access to sensitive information.

3. Reduce the Risk of Third-Party Vendor Activity

Many data breaches are the result of compromised credentials owned by third-party vendors. Regularly reviewing and updating the permissions granted to users can reduce the chance that external vendors can gain access to your data.

4. Give Privilege Escalation Flexibility

Role-based access control (RBAC) is a popular method for managing user permissions that assigns access rights according to predefined roles. The roles can be nested in order to allow specific access control. For example an experienced physician could be granted more access rights than a junior doctor in terms of accessing patient information. RBAC can also be set to require a two-factor authentication (2FA), even for specific roles to reduce the risk of an unauthorized entry, even if a password is compromised.